ACCT20080 Assessment Item 1: T2 2021 Case: Jhon McDonald Jhon McDonald is a production manager of a company that manufactures machine parts for a heavy machinery firm. Jhon joined the company 12 years back and introduced a performance-based payment system in the company. A performance-based payment system is not very common in manufacturing industries in that locality. In this system employees are paid based on number of units they produce, and the quality of the units produced. Employees are paid below average hourly pay but high bonuses. Therefore, efficient employees are earning above average salaries. Employees with long time experience receive salaries from $80,000 – $90,000. Most experienced employees liked the system because they are earning very good remuneration and they can personally influence their salaries. However, some employees do not like this system because they are not able to keep up with the intensive production methods and they want more payment security. In addition, they are critical that there are no health plans incorporated in this payment system. A paid annual leave clause is also missing from the system. However, employees are able to take leave, but they are not paid. Employees who do not like this system ultimately leave the company. Ron Freeman and his five friends have worked for the company for the last 10 years. They like the system as they are earning very good salaries and happy that their experiences and efficiencies are rewarded. However, Uka Ahamed and three of her friends are very unhappy about this pay system. They joined the company two years back and feel that the pay system is unfair to them. Case: Rick Bob Rick Bob is a partner in a public accounting practice. His practice is popular with the local community because his senior partner is local. One of Rick’s clients, an elderly businessmen called Rob Greenwater insists that Rick always comes to his office to discuss his financial arrangements. While there, Rob always insists on sharing coffees with Rick while they discuss business. Rick has realised for a long time that this is normal with this client. He is very proud of his firm, his staff and the fact that the firm was still earning good fees. Part of Rick’s success is the effort he has put into nurturing the relationship with Rob. Due to this relationship Rob always felt comfortable with Rick and his accountants. However, there was a negative side to this approach. Rick’s firm has become more dependent on Rob’s business. Rick observed that Rob has been becoming more demanding, and Rick is concerned about the issue. In the past Rob overruled Rick’s accountants on small matters. Currently one junior accountant from Rick’s firm identified a ‘window dressing’ issue in Rob’s accounts and discussed the issue with Rob. Rob was unhappy about it and called Rick and demanded that Rick should accept the accounts presented by Rob. Rob tells Rick that he has an exciting new business venture in the pipeline and will tell him all about it at his next visit and is planning to appoint Rick’s accounting practice to manage the accounts of the new venture as well. Rob insists that Rick visit his house for dinner one night, where he will discuss the new business in detail. What you have to do? Part A: Applying theories of ethics (1,000 words max) You must undertake independent research into the theories of egoism, and utilitarianism. Now apply them as follows assuming that you are an expert in business ethics. Analyse the ethical issues of Jhon McDonald’s case using the theory of egoism.Analyse the ethical issues of Jhon McDonald’s case using the theory of utilitarianism. In each case, you must identify the key features of the theory being used and show how they apply to the case. Conclude the section by explaining how a theoretical knowledge of ethics will help Jhon deal with the ethical issues. Part B: Using an ethical decision-making model (500 words max) Take Rick Bob through the AAA decision-making model step-by-step and arrive at the best ethical outcome for him. Part C: Using APES 110 (1,000 words max) Rick Bob is a Chartered Accountant and so are the accountants in the firm, and therefore APES 110 applies to all of them. Advise Rick Bob of the provisions of APES 110 that are relevant here, especially the fundamental principles, types of threats and relevant safeguards. Advise Rick Bob of what he must do to be compliant with APES 110. You must submit: You must submit an individually written report about ethical behaviour and ethical decision-making in the following format: Title PageExecutive SummaryIntroductionReport of a maximum of 2,500 words, consisting of Parts A, B and C (as shown above). Use headings to clearly indicate which part is being answered.ConclusionReferences A note concerning referencing: You must use the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style. You must reference all of your references, every time you use them. Penalties of up to 3 marks may be deducted for poor referencing. Suspected plagiarism will lead to your assignment being reported for misconduct. Rubric Key CriteriaExceeds expactations (HD) 85–100%Exceeds expectations (D) 75–84%Meets expectations (C) 65–74%Meets minimum expectations (P) 50–64%Below expectations (F) < 50%Organisation/structure (4 marks)The ideas are arranged in an extremely logical, structured and coherent manner. The introduction and conclusion clearly set out what is covered in the report.The ideas are arranged in a fairly logical, structured and coherent manner. The introduction and conclusion indicate what is covered in the report but not in a clear and succinct manner.The ideas are arranged in a logical, some-what structured and coherent manner. The introduction and conclusion give a basic overview of what is in the report.The report follows a basic structure, but the reader has to work hard to understand it.There is little, if any, coherent structure to the document.Content knowledge & literature review (18 marks)Demonstrates a balanced and very high level of detailed knowledge of core concepts by providing a very high level of analysis. Utilises current, appropriate, and credible sources.Demonstrates a balanced and high level of knowledge of core concepts by providing a high level of analysis. Utilises mostly current, appropriate, and credible sources.Demonstrates a good level of knowledge of some of the core concepts by providing some level of analysis. Utilises some current, appropriate and credible sources.Demonstrates limited knowledge of core concepts by providing a limited level of analysis. Utilises few current, appropriate, and credible sources.Demonstrates little, if any, knowledge of the core concepts with extremely limited, if any, analysis. Utilises little, if any, current, appropriate, and credible sources.Quality of writing & presentation (4 marks)Quality of writing at a high standard. Paragraphs are coherently connected to each other. Correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.Quality of writing is of a good standard. Paragraphs are mostly well structured. Few grammars, spelling, and punctuation mistakes.Quality of writing is of a good standard. Few grammars, spelling, and punctuation mistakes.Some problems with sentence structure and presentation Frequent grammar, punctuation, and spelling mistakes. Use of inappropriate language.Quality of writing is at a very poor standard so barely understandable. Many spellings mistake. Little or no evidence of proof reading.Referencing: Use the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style. (4 marks)Correct in text referencing and reference list using APA referencing style. Correct in text referencing and reference list using APA referencing style. Few in text referencing and reference list not used APA referencing style. Followed APA referencing style. Some in text refere ncing is missing, incomplete reference list. Some in text referencing is missing, incomplete reference list, APA referencing Style not followed.
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